Are anti-smoking parenting practices related to adolescent smoking cognitions and behavior?
The aim of this study was to explain the effects of anti-smoking parenting practices on adolescent smoking cognitions and behavior by showing the mediating effects of cognitions. Data were gathered among Dutch high school students in the control condition of the European Smoking prevention Framework Approach (ESFA). Anti-smoking parenting practices were measured by parental reactions to smoking, house rules, and frequency and content of communication about smoking. Attitudes, perceived social influences and self-efficacy made up for smoking cognitions. Additionally, intention to smoke was measured. Relations between practices and cognitions were mostly significant. While some practices were associated with less smoking (communication about health risks of smoking, health risks of breathing in smoke, addictive qualities of smoking and attention for smoking in school), others were related to increased chances of smoking (rewards for not smoking, frequency of communication about smoking,