Are Brazils export subsidies “inconsistent with its development needs”?
7.87. Canada considers that, under the second sentence of Article 27.4, a developing country Member seeking to benefit from non-application of the Article 3.1(a) prohibition on export subsidies must demonstrate that its export subsidies are consistent with its development needs. Canada considers that this is not a self-judging provision, and that it should be applied on the basis of objective standards. Although Canada “does not propose to set out these standards”, it does argue that one objective standard in this case consists of the domestic content standards established by Brazil with respect to PROEX. Specifically, Canada argues that with respect to regional aircraft Brazil has waived the domestic content rules generally applicable under PROEX and provides interest rate equalization on the full value of the aircraft in spite of the low domestic content of those aircraft. Canada argues that another relevant standard may be foreign exchange earnings versus foreign exchange expenditur