Are electrocardiogram electrodes acceptable for electroencephalogram bispectral index monitoring?

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Are electrocardiogram electrodes acceptable for electroencephalogram bispectral index monitoring?

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GROUND: The monitoring of electroencephalogram bispectral index (EEG-BIS) during anaesthesia reduces anaesthetic use and improves recovery. However, it also increases the direct costs of anaesthesia due to the need for special EEG electrodes. In the present study we tested the feasibility of less expensive electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes for EEG-BIS monitoring. METHODS: In the first part of the study we compared skin-electrode impedances when EEG electrodes were used after alcohol swab pretreatment of skin to impedances when ECG electrodes were used after alcohol swab pretreatment with or without skin abrasion paste. In the second part of the study we evaluated the difference in parallel BIS values collected with two BIS monitors, using either ECG electrodes or EEG electrodes. In the third part of the study we compared parallel BIS values collected with two sets of EEG electrodes. RESULTS: Skin pretreatment with abrasion paste led to lower impedances with ECG electrodes than did alc