Are there any learning disabilities associated with Spina Bifida?
Children with spina bifida/ hydrocephalus often show unique learning strengths and weaknesses that affect their schoolwork. Parents and schools need to work together to help the young people meet their physical, social, emotional, and academic goals. Most children with spina bifida/ hydrocephalus have I.Q. scores in the average range. This result, however, is somewhat deceptive because there is a broad range of scores on intelligence test among children with spina bifida/ hydrocephalus ranging from the gifted to mental retardation. Also, children with spina bifida/ hydrocephalus often have major differences among their abilities due to orthopedic and neurological problems. Both parents and teachers, however, must recognize that learning problems are routinely a part of children with spina bifida/ hydrocephalus. These problems contribute to poor academic functioning and class work. As we acknowledge that children with spina bifida do have learning problems, we are better able to recogni