Are there safeguards and redress mechanisms in case human rights are violated?

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Are there safeguards and redress mechanisms in case human rights are violated?

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Access to essential medicines is best ensured by the development and implementation of rights-based medicines policies and programmes, as described above. However, in cases of unjustifiably slow progress, possibilities for redress and appeal are also needed as a last resort. A recent WHO study has shown that careful litigation has been one additional mechanism to encourage governments to fulfil their constitutional and international treaty obligations with respect to the right to health and access to essential medicines (Box 4). Suggested assessment question: Are legal mechanisms available and have they been used to file complaints about lack of access to essential medicines? Conclusion Many essential medicines’ policies and programmes are based on human rights principles and can contribute valuable experience to the international human rights community in its task of practical implementation. National medicine programmes can be used to promote access to essential medicines as part of

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