Calf PainWhat are the common causes of calf pain?
The region of the body commonly referred to as the calf is in the back of the leg, just below the knee. The calf is made of three major muscles. These muscles are the two gastrocnemius muscles (medial and lateral), and the soleus muscle. Another smaller muscle, called the plantaris muscle, is also in the calf. While muscle injuries are the most common cause of calf pain, there are other causes of calf pain due to circulation problems, knee joint problems, and other conditions. Determining the cause of your calf pain can help guide appropriate treatment. Some common causes of calf pain include: • Calf Muscle Strain A calf muscle strain is the most common cause of acute onset calf pain. Usually this injury occurs during a sports or exercise activity. Common symptoms of a calf strain include pain, swelling, and bruising. • Plantaris Muscle Rupture The plantaris muscle is a thin, small muscle that is