Can mixed venous blood be used to measure insulin action during the hyperinsulinemic clamp?
Mandatory use of arterialized venous blood for glucose measurement during insulin clamp studies can preclude its use in obese subjects. In order to assess the distortion produced by performing clamp studies with mixed venous blood, we have carried out the present study. Sixteen subjects (BMI range 21-53 kg/m2) whose glucose tolerance varied from normal to diabetic, had hyperinsulinemic clamps performed at plasma insulin concentrations approximately 250 microU/ml above basal, using arterialized venous (a.v.) blood for plasma glucose and insulin measurements. The test was repeated on the same subjects, but mixed venous (m.v.) blood was substituted for a.v. blood to determine plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. During the two studies, the mean (+/- SEM) steady state plasma glucose (a.v. = 110.6 +/- 8.8 mg/dl; m.v. = 111.3 +/- 9.8 mg/dl) and the mean incremental increases in insulin concentrations (a.v. = 263 +/- 20 microU/ml; m.v. = 273 +/- 21 microU/ml) were essentially identical.