Does Screening for HIV in Pregnant Women Reduce Mother-to-Child Transmission or Premature Death and Disability?

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Does Screening for HIV in Pregnant Women Reduce Mother-to-Child Transmission or Premature Death and Disability?

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No studies compare clinical outcomes from screening or not screening pregnant women for HIV. Although the number of infants with perinatally acquired HIV transmission has markedly declined in the United States, this reduction is probably due to a combination of increased prenatal screening and increased effectiveness and uptake of therapies.3,7 No studies estimated the relative impact of these factors.

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