Five years after the 11 September attacks, how has America changed?
Click through these graphs to explore long-term trends in selected aspects of life. We include the five years preceding 2001 for comparison. Click the arrows below to see key events. Defence Air travel President Hate crime Bin Laden US defence spending remained fairly steady throughout the late 1990s but since 2002 it has climbed by about $50bn each financial year (Oct-Sep). Graph of national defence spending. It is level at about 265$bn a year until 2002 when it starts rising, hitting 535 by Oct 2005 Flights within the US were grounded because of the attacks, and incoming international flights were diverted to Canada. Services resumed within a few days but it took years for the market to recover. Graph of passengers boarding flights in the US. There is a gradual upward trend, with seasonal peaks and troughs, until it drops dramatically in September 2001. The market has only just recovered. On becoming president, George W Bush’s approval rating dipped below that of his predecessor, Bil