HOW ARE MATERIALS EVALUATED FOR OCEAN DUMPING?
• EPA’s ocean dumping criteria require consideration of environmental impact of the dumping; the need for the dumping; the effect of the dumping on aesthetic, recreational, or economic values; and the adverse effects of the dumping on other uses of the ocean. • Dredged materials, as well as other materials proposed for ocean disposal, must undergo a series of tests and evaluations to determine whether they meet EPA’s environmental criteria for ocean dumping. • The testing and evaluation procedures are designed to protect against toxicity and bioaccumulation that may adversely impact the marine environment or human health, and to produce information about the potential for these effects efficiently and reliably. • No permit may be issued unless there is enough information to make a scientifically sound determination that the ocean dumping will not unreasonably degrade human health or the environment.