How are nuclear materials transported?
The IAEA Regulations are based on the fundamental principle that radioactive material being transported should be packaged adequately to provide protection against the various hazards of the material under both normal and potential accident conditions. Safety, therefore, relies primarily on the package – on the packaging adapted to its radioactive contents, whatever the transport mode. The prime objective is to protect people, property and the environment against the direct and indirect effects of radiation during transport. The requirements laid down in the Regulations must ensure the confinement of the radioactive contents, the control of the external radiation level, the prevention of a chain reaction and the prevention of damage caused by high temperature. Because safety depends primarily on the package, the Regulations set out several performance standards in this area. They provide for five different primary packages (Excepted, Industrial, Type A, Type B and Type C) and set the c
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