Okay, first off, the new deal was a series of economic programs passed by Franklin d. roosevelt during his first term as president. These programs were actions taken to improve the situation after the great depression and focused on the 3 R's--relief, recovery and reform. This next part I got off another site. Check it out: The depression hit African Americans hard. While many African Americans were already living in poverty, white employers felt no reservations about firing their black workers first and by 1932 more than half of African Americans were out of the jobs. Racial tensions grew as economic tensions mounted, lynching's in the south saw a huge resurgence. "Although there were many inequities in the New Deal housing, agricultural and economic programs, blacks had opportunities to obtain employment, some in areas previously closed to them.