How does careers education and guidance affect the transition process and/or learning and motivation?
The review process is highly systematic and comprises a number of distinct phases: searching, screening, keywording and data extraction. Searching: The review group systematically conducted a comprehensive search for reports of relevant empirical research. The search included studies that focused on CEG delivered at KS 3 and measured the relevant outcomes of the intervention at KS 4. The search encompassed studies written in English and published between 1988 and 2003, in order to capture the influence of key changes in the UK secondary school curriculum and careers services. The search excluded studies that focused solely on the effectiveness of ‘citizenship’ and those that were not written in the English language. Screening: All identified studies were screened by title and abstract according to set inclusion and exclusion criteria derived from the review question. If at this stage the studies appeared to meet the inclusion criteria, or where a decision could not be made by only scre