How is ocular toxoplasmosis acquired?
Ocular toxoplasmosis is usually acquired by a congenital infection, transmitted from the mother to the fetus across the placenta during pregnancy. Typically newly pregnant women transmit the Toxoplasma organism to a fetus. Intrauterine transmission occurs in about 1/3 of pregnancies of acutely infected women. The overall infection rate appears to be about 1%.