How is the judgment delivered?
How is a civil action started? A civil case is one in which a party (a person, a company or the Government) is in dispute with another party and seeks compensation or some other remedy under a law other than criminal law. To start a civil action, one party lodges a document in the court registry called Plaint. The contents of plaint must be verified on oath. The type of document required depends on the nature of the action and the court involved. Lodging a writ in the Supreme Court or a plaint in the District Court are the most common ways to start a civil action. The plaintiff is the party in whose name the writ or plaint is issued. The defendant is the party alleged to have infringed the plaintiff’s rights. The plaintiff must ensure that the defendant is served with the writ or plaint. Top What does the defendant do? The defendant must acknowledge receipt of the writ or plaint within a certain time. To do this the defendant has to lodge a form generally referred to as an appearance.