Is Germany meeting the Kyoto climate goals?
At the 3rd climate conference in Kyoto in 1997, the participating states adopted the Kyoto Protocol. In the Protocol, the industrial countries commit to reduce their joint emissions of the six major greenhouse gases [among others, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)] by 5.2 percent relative to 1990 levels from 2008 to 2012. At the same time, individual countries accepted different emission limitation commitments (e. g. USA : -7 percent, later withdrew from the protocol; Japan: -6 percent; Russia: +/-0 percent). Internally, the EU redistributed its joint Kyoto commitment of -8 percent, so that, for example, Germany had to achieve -21 percent. Germany met the Kyoto requirements four years ahead of the deadline. In 2008, Germany reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 22.4 percent relative to 1990 levels. At the EU Summit in March 2007, the heads of state and government decided to reduce carbon emissions by 20 percent relative to 1990 emission levels by 2020. T