Is the presentation and outcome of surgical treatment of distal biceps tendon tears different in women than men?
MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 to 2008, 15 cases of distal biceps tendon tears in 13 female patients were treated surgically at a single institution. Mean age was 63 years (range, 48-79 years). A retrospective review evaluated patient presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Postoperative outcomes were assessed by physical examination, a patient satisfaction survey, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) elbow assessment form, and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire. RESULTS: Two-thirds of the tears were in the dominant arm, of which 7 resulted from a single injury, and 8 reported insidious onset of symptoms. All patients presented with pain in the antecubital fossa. A distinct cystic mass was palpable in 6. Of the 15 cases, 13 were partially detached, 1 was completely detached, and 1 was weakly attached. Fourteen regained full strength, and all had nearly complete range of motion. Mean follow-up was 46 months (range, 2-117 months). Eleven com