What are Ericksons Stages of Development and how they compare to Freuds?
Erickson believed that development was an evolutionary process based on sequencing biological, psychological, and social events. He believed that the maturation of bodily functions was linked with expectations of society and culture in which the person live. Erickson defined 8 stages of life, first five coinciding with Freud’s stages. * Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth to 1 yr) * Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 to 3yrs) * Initiative vs. Guilt (3 to 6yrs) * Industry vs. Inferiority (6 to 11yrs) * Identity vs. Role Confusion (Puberty) * Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adult) * Generativity vs. Self-Absorption and Stagnation (Middle Age) * Integrity vs. Despair (Old Age) Freud’s: Id- primitive part, basic instinctual impulses driven to achieve pleasure. Ego-helps judge reality accurately, regulate impulses, and make good decisions. Superego- “conscience” performs inhibiting, restraining, and prohibiting actions; derived from the standards of outside social forces (parent, teacher). * Oral (Birth t