What Are No-See-Ums?
No-See-Ums are also known as Biting Midges, Vampire Bugs, Punkies, or Sand Flies. These tiny, biting flies are only 1/25″ to 1/10″, small enough to pass through screens. You may not see them, but you will notice their hot, painful, stinging bite. The cutting mouthparts slice your skin and their salvia keeps your blood from clotting until they finish sucking blood. Welts and lesions from the bite may last for days. They can become unbearable at dawn and dusk, especially from mid to late summer. They are attracted to light and will rest on the outside of buildings and enter homes through the slightest crack. Sometimes they fly into people’s eyes, ears, and mouth. Swarms produce a high-pitched whine from the thousands of tiny beating wings. These no-see-ums resemble mosquitoes, but the body is stouter, the proboscis is shorter, the legs are rather short, and the two hairy wings are shorter and broader. They have a small brown head. The males have a plume-like antenna. They breathe by mean