What are some complications of a TBI?
Coma: A person who is totally unconscious and unresponsive is in a coma. This situation typically lasts only a few days or weeks. After this time, some people gradually awaken, while others enter a paralyzed, vegetative state. People in a vegetative state often open their eyes and may move or make vocal sounds. Despite this, they are still unconscious and unaware of their surroundings. Anyone in a vegetative state for more than a year rarely recovers. Seizures: Some people who have had a traumatic brain injury will experience at least one seizure during the first week after the injury. However, this doesn’t appear to increase their chances of developing epilepsy. Infections: Skull fractures or penetrating wounds can tear the membranes that surround the brain, letting in bacteria. Infection of these membranes can be especially dangerous because of its potential to spread to the rest of the nervous system. Nerve damage: Injuries to the base of the skull can damage facial nerves, causing