The sewing machine is an interesting piece of engineering which looks simple enough on the outside. Remove the outside casing and you would find a collection of gears, cranks, cams and belts, all driven by a solitary electric motor. When first learning how to sew, it is useful to know what the different parts of your sewing machine are and how they work. Without knowing what to look for when following sewing directions, the whole process can quickly become frustrating.
The Parts and Their Functions
The following is a list of sewing machine parts and their functions:
Electronic and Computerized Sewing Machines
Electronic sewing machines have all the features of a mechanical machine and more. Electronic machines, such as the Kenmore Drop-in Bobbin Sewing Machine, have electrical impulses that shoot and return the needle to the appropriate place to correspond with the feeding device to create patterns. The Kenmore machine has 90 stitch functions and a one-step automatic buttonhole.
Computerized sewing machines, such as the Brother NX-600, contain microprocessors that allow the machine to accept information, usually from a card that contains patterns. Computer machines can be used like a mechanical machine or you can set them up to produce designs automatically generated by the computer program. Once you decide where you want the pattern, the machine does everything automatically. Another example of a computer machine is the Singer XL-1000 which is capable of embroidering or sewing 750 stitches every minute.
Sewing machine designs will differ between manufacturers and from model to model. Knowing the parts of your machine and their functions allows for a more pleasant sewing experience. When learning, take it one step at a time and start with something simple.