What are the income tax consequences after the HSA accountholder’s death?
Upon death, any balance remaining in the accountholder’s HSA becomes the property of the individual named in the HSA instrument as the beneficiary of the account. If the accountholder’s surviving spouse is the named beneficiary of the HSA, the HSA becomes the HSA of the surviving spouse. The surviving spouse is subject to income tax only to the extent distributions from the HSA are not used for qualified medical expenses. If, by reason of the death of the accountholder, the HSA passes to a person other than the accountholder’s surviving spouse, the HSA ceases to be an HSA as of the date of the accountholder’s death, and the person is required to include in gross income the fair market value of the HSA assets as of the date of death.