What are the risk factors for developing kidney cancer?
Risk factors for developing kidney cancer include: overuse of painkillers, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, long-term dialysis, occupation, gender and Von-Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. Phenacetin, once commonly used in over-the-counter painkillers, has been linked to RCC, typically in patients that have used them in excess. It has also been shown that smokers are twice as likely to develop kidney cancer as non-smokers. Individuals who are obese have an increased risk of developing kidney cancer. Similar to kidney disease, high blood pressure is a risk factor for developing kidney cancer. Recently, scientific research has demonstrated that individuals on dialysis also have an increased risk of developing kidney cancer. Certain occupations increase the risk of developing kidney cancer due to exposure to hazardous chemicals. VHL syndrome is a rare genetic disease that occurs in some families and increases the risk of kidney cancer.