What are the treatment options for reactivation of ocular toxoplasmosis?
Mild cases which do not threaten the central retina (the macula) may resolve without treatment. In more severe cases, the duration of the inflammatory episode can be reduced by treatment with antibiotics. Commonly used antibiotics include pyrimethamine, trisulfapyrimidines, sulfadiazine, clindamycin, and minocycline. Folic acid is used with this regimen to prevent bone marrow suppression. Steroid eyedrops or systemic steroids may further reduce the inflammation.