What Assets Help Young Latinas to Guard Themselves against HIV and Other Negative Sexual Health Outcomes?

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What Assets Help Young Latinas to Guard Themselves against HIV and Other Negative Sexual Health Outcomes?

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Research identifies several assets and protective factors associated with positive sexual health outcomes among Latina youth. Among others, assets include self-esteem and having high aspirations as well as positive coping and communication skills. • High Self-Esteem—Research has identified high self-esteem as important in young people’s willingness and ability to use condoms and other contraception.[25,26] Factors that contribute to high self-esteem among young Latinas include warm and supportive parent-child relationships as well as young women’s positive attitudes toward life and their academic motivations and academic competence.[9,13,16,17,19] Research also shows that bilingual students often bridge Hispanic and Anglo cultures, thereby achieving heightened self-esteem, even in the face of perceived discrimination.[15] Studies have found that young Latinas who participate in sports and feel connected to school also have healthy self-esteem,[27,28] as do Latinas who perceive their pa

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