Not necessarily a "country", but the oldest democracy on Earth is found in: The people of the Six Nations, also known by the French term, Iroquois Confederacy, call themselves the Hau de no sau nee (ho dee noe sho nee) meaning People Building a Long House. Located in the northeastern region of North America, originally the Six Nations was five and included the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas. The sixth nation, the Tuscaroras, migrated into Iroquois country in the early eighteenth century. Together these peoples comprise the oldest living participatory democracy on earth. http://www.ratical.org/many_worlds/6Nations/ Also... The world's oldest democratic kingdom was established in Kalinga in North India as long back as 300 bc.