What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia–Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?
) No 07/157, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund Abstract: In this paper, we assess the macroeconomic determinants of stock market capitalization in a panel of 17 countries in the Middle East and Central Asia, including both hydrocarbon-rich countries and economies without sizeable natural resource wealth. In addition to traditional variables, we include an institutional variable and remittances among the regressors. We find that (i) both institutions and remittances have a positive and significant impact on market capitalization; and (ii) both regressors matter, especially in countries without significant hydrocarbon sectors; whereas (iii) in resource-rich countries, stock market capitalization is mainly driven by the oil price. Keywords: Working Paper; Stock markets; Middle East and Central Asia; Natural resources; Oil prices; Workers remittances; Economic models (search for similar items in EconPapers) New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env a