WHAT FUNCTION IS PERFORMED BY THE OVARIES?
The ovaries are the main reproductive glands in a woman and are located in the pelvis region. The ovaries produce eggs (ova) and female hormones like estrogen. Each menstrual cycle represents the release of an egg from one ovary. The egg travels from the ovary through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. Various female hormones control the development of female body characteristics like the breasts, body shape and body hair. Ovaries are the main source of female hormone and are important for women health. The hormones also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Hormone estrogen also protects the bone. Therefore, a woman can develop osteoporosis (thinning of bone) later in life when her ovaries do not produce adequate estrogen. The Ovulation Process Ovaries produce female eggs in addition to the hormones.Once a follicle is mature, it ruptures and the developing egg is ejected from the ovary into the fallopian tubes. This is called ovulation. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the mens