What impact did geography have on the history of Rome?

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What impact did geography have on the history of Rome?

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Rome’s geography, which includes easy access to other regions, had a significant impact on its history. From facilitating trade and conquest to encouraging immigration, the geography of Rome helped dictate the course of its history from its rise to its decline.Geographic featuresRome is located on the boot-shaped Italian peninsula, which means that water bounds the country on three sides with a route to land on the fourth side. The peninsula is mountainous and hilly, but the mountains are not impenetrable.TradeBecause of the accessible terrain, Rome mainly conducted trade over land; the Silk Road extended from China to Rome. Because the peninsula extends into the Mediterranean Sea, Rome has access to other areas to the west and south.ExpansionThe ease by which Romans could access other lands contributed to the vastness of their empire. At its height, the Roman Empire encompassed the British Isles, Western Europe, the Balkan states, North Africa and the Middle East.ConflictBetween 509 B

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