What Is Ethinyl Estradiol?
Ethinyl estradiol, also known as ethinylestradiol or EE, is a synthetic hormone which is primarily used in hormonal contraceptives, although it has several other medical uses. It is among a class of hormones known as estrogens, and like other estrogen hormones, it can play a role in the reproductive cycle of women. The most common use for ethinyl estradiol is in hormonal birth control, usually in the form of a combination medication which includes a form of progesterone. The use of ethinyl estradiol in birth control medications allows for low dosages, so that patients can receive the benefits without as many of the harmful side effects. Patients can receive the medication in oral form, or in the form of a patch, gel, or insertable medication which is delivered directly to the vagina. In addition to preventing pregnancy, ethinyl estradiol also reduces the risk of osteoporosis and breast cancer, and it can be used to regulate menstrual cycles. Women who experience painful, irregular, or