What is obesity?
Obesity used to be looked at as a failure of willpower, – a combination of eating to much and exercising too little. Now we know that is it results from a complex interaction of genetic, metabolic, behavioral and environmental factors causing an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Fortunately for the millions of American adults who are overweight, obesity is now regarded as a CHRONIC MEDICAL DISEASE with serious health implications caused by a complex set of factors. According to the National Institutes of Health, an increase in body weight of 20 percent or more above desirable weight is the point at which excess weight becomes an established health hazard. Lower levels of excess weight can also constitute a health risk, particularly in the presence of other disorders like diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. knownunderstood in fairly simple terms, excess body weight resulting from an energy imbalance between food intake and energy output. Recognized since 1985
If you’re obese, it means you weigh much more than is healthy for you. It happens because you eat more calories than your body uses. The extra calories are stored as fat. Being obese is more than being just a few pounds overweight. Obesity can cause health problems such as diabetes Diabetes is a condition that causes too much sugar to circulate in your blood. It happens when your body stops making a hormone called insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when insulin stops working (type 2 diabetes). diabetes, high blood pressure Your blood pressure is considered to be high when it is above the accepted normal range. The usual limit for normal blood pressure is 140/90. If either the first (systolic) number is above 140 or the lower (diastolic) number is above 90, a person is considered to have high blood pressure. Doctors sometimes call high blood pressure “hypertension.” high blood pressure, arthritis Arthritis is a condition in which your joints wear down making them painful and stiff. arthritis
Obesity used to be understood in fairly simple terms; excess body weight resulting from eating too much and exercising too little, due in large part to a lack of willpower or self-restraint. Fortunately for the millions of American adults who are overweight, obesity is now regarded as a chronic medical disease with serious health implications caused by a complex set of factors. Recognized since 1985 as a chronic disease, obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death, exceeded only by cigarette smoking. Obesity has been established as a major risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and some cancers in both men and women. Obesity affects 58 million people across the nation and its prevalence is increasing. Approximately one-third of adults are estimated to be obese. Obesity results from a complex interaction of genetic, behavioral and environmental factors causing an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. According to the Nation
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When we come to the discussion what is Obesity? One can say it is the most common nutritional disorder especially in the affluent group of people. It is a condition in which excessive accumulation of fat takes place in the body due to intake of food in excess of physiological requirements. Therefore, over nutrition is as much malnutrition as under nutrition is.