What is Rubella?
Rubella is a mild but very contagious disease that is preventable with a vaccine. Other names for rubella are German measles and three-day measles. Rubella is dangerous because of its ability to harm unborn babies. Infection of a pregnant woman can result in miscarriage, stillbirth, or serious birth defects. What is the infectious agent that causes rubella? Rubella is caused by the rubella virus. Where is rubella found? Rubella is found worldwide. How do people get rubella? People get rubella by breathing in droplets that get into the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Rubella can also spread by direct contact with fluids from the nose or throat of an infected person. What are the signs and symptoms of rubella? Most cases of rubella are mild. About half of people infected with rubella virus get a rash that looks like small, fine pink spots. The rash first appears on the face and progresses from head to foot, lasting about 3 days. Children usually develop few or no o
Rubella is an infectious, but mild viral disease characterized by an eruptive rash which starts on the face and spreads along the rest of the body. In most cases, rubella is relatively harmless, with all symptoms disappearing after a week or so, leaving the patient with a life long immunity. However, in pregnant women, rubella can cause severe birth defects or miscarriage if contracted in the first trimester. The disease is caused by the spread of discharge from the nose and throat of an infected patient. This discharge carries a load of rubivirus, the viral agent responsible for infection. Symptoms may not emerge for up to one month, as the virus breeds in the body. The rash is usually the first sign, and the patient may also experience a fever and some joint pain. Within three days, the rash is gone, leading some people to refer to rubella as “the three day measles.” In some cases, patients experience lingering joint pain as a result of rubella infection. The word “rubella” is derive
Rubella is a mild, contagious illness caused by a virus. It is characterized by a rash, swollen glands and, especially in adults, joint pain. The rash usually lasts about three days and may be accompanied by a low-grade fever. Up to half of infected individuals have no symptoms at all (1). What risks does rubella pose for the fetus? Babies whose mothers contract rubella during pregnancy are often born with one or more birth defects that, together, are called congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Maternal infection (1, 3): • In the first 12 weeks of pregnancy results in birth defects in up to 85 percent of cases • From 13 to 16 weeks of gestation results in birth defects in 54 percent of cases • At the end of the second trimester results in birth defects in 25 percent of cases These include eye defects (often resulting in blindness), hearing impairment, abnormalities of the heart, mental retardation, and a few rare disorders. The infection also causes miscarriage and stillbirth. Some infec
• Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death. • Rubella: acute infectious disease caused by the rubella virus and most often affecting children and nonimmune young adults, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and spreads to the lymphatic system; ; usually benign; however transplacental infection of the fetus in the first trimester can cause death or severe developmental abnormalities. Source – Diseases Database • Rubella: a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester. Source – WordNet 2.1 Rubella is listed as a “rare disease” by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Rubella, or a subtyp