What is the appropriate management of tissue extravasation by antitumor agents?

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What is the appropriate management of tissue extravasation by antitumor agents?

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Review of 175 patients sustaining extravasation of an antitumor agent showed that most (89 percent) can be managed immediately with intermittent application of ice (15 minutes four times daily for 3 days) and close wound observation. We consider pain, usually associated with varying degrees of skin involvement, to be the only indication for surgery. Such a procedure should consist of wide, three-dimensional excision of all involved tissue, temporary coverage with a biologic dressing, and simultaneous harvesting and storage of a split-thickness skin graft. Once the wound is clean, delayed application of the graft is performed (usually at 2 to 3 days). Not only will this result in immediate pain relief and provide safe wound coverage, but it also will not interrupt the patient’s chemotherapy schedule.

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