A California State University, or CSU, is a university system focusing more on applied majors such as accounting or the arts. Examples of CSU schools include Cal State East Bay, San Jose State, San Diego State, and Chico State. The University of California is known as a research institution and typically uses more theory in its majors, offering students more research opportunities. UC Irvine, UC San Diego, and UC Berkeley are all examples of UC schools. Most private colleges such as Stanford University, Notre Dame de Namur, Saint Mary’s, and Santa Clara University belong to the Association of Independent California Colleges & Universities (AICCU) association. Many are liberal arts colleges and offer a wide variety of majors, specializing in smaller class sizes and their ability to provide more personalized attention.