What is the difference between civil and criminal law?

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Posted

What is the difference between civil and criminal law?

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Benjamin

Civil law and criminal law are two broad and separate entities of law with separate sets of laws and punishments.

Examples of criminal law include cases of burglary, assault, battery and cases of murder. Civil law applies to cases of negligence or malpractice, for example.
You can find out more if you consult with criminal defense attorney representatives
One can say that criminal law deals with looking after public interests. It involves punishing and rehabilitating offenders, and protecting the society. The police and prosecutor are hired by the government to put the criminal law into effect. Public funds are used to pay for these services. If suppose you are the victim of the crime, you report it to the police and then it is their duty to investigate the matter and find the suspect. In most cases, if a charge has been properly presented and if there is evidence supporting it, the Government, not the person who complains of the incident, prosecutes it in the courts. This is called a system of public prosecutions. On the other hand, civil law is about private disputes between individuals or between an individual and an organization or between organizations. Civil law deals with the harm, loss, or injury to one party or the other. A defendant in a civil case is found liable or not liable for damages, while in a criminal case defendant may be found guilty or not.

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Civil Law encompasses the issues of tort claims, money, probate, common law, divorces, family law and issues where law enforcement is not involved. Traffic accident claims, insurance issues and things that do not involve crimes. Civil actions do not usually involve jail. They involve settlements for stuff like personal injury, juvenile law, adoptions, divorces and the like. Criminal law involves the treatment of people who break the law and are victims of crimes. Robberies, murders, burglaries, and anything else you can go to jail for and be charged with are crimes and are under the jurisdiction of criminal law.

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