The simple answer is that Shotokan uses the hands and feet to punch, kick, grab, take down, and strike, as needed. Traditional Shotokan karate does not emphasize kicking more than punching, or punching more than kicking, or grappling more than restraining tactics traditional Shotokan karate is a varied martial arts system. All styles of martial arts differ in the application of body dynamics and body mechanics. The central focus of some styles use circular whipping motions to create power, some use straight linear movements, and still others use grappling, restraining, and non-resisting methods. However, Shotokan karate explores all of these methods to some degree.