What is the difference between userdata and light userdata?
lua_newuserdata allocates a block of memory of the given size. The result is called a userdatum, and differs from a block allocated with malloc in two important ways: first, it will be collected by the garbage collector, and second its behaviour can specified by a metatable, just like with Lua tables. There are two metamethods which can only be used with userdata; __len implements the size operator (#) and __gc provides a function which will be called when the userdatum is garbage collected. A good example of this in the standard Lua library are file types, where __gc will close the file handle. The metatable also acts as the unique type of a userdatum. Light userdata, on the other hand, are simple wrappers around a C pointer. They don’t have metatables, and aren’t garbage-collected. Their purpose is to generate unique ‘handles’ which can be cheaply compared for equality. The implementation of a simple array object is discussed in PiL, starting with a simple set of functions and ending