What is the most common use of halquinol in animal agriculture?
Halquinol is used in pigs and poultry production as non-specific anti-scour, and as a non-antibiotic performance enhancer. They are also approved for the same reasons in ruminants. How does halquinol act? The specific mechanism of action of halquinol is not known, but it has been suggested that as nonfunctional analogue of Coenzyme Q, it blocks the transport of electrons down the respiratory chain in the process of making ATP (energy) in the mitochoria of bacteria, fungi and protozoa. Coenzyme Q is a functional form of electron carrier in this process. In short, halquinol prevents microbes from making energy to stay alive. It has also been suggested that the beneficial effect of halquinol is related to its action on colonic microbial fermentation activity. Volatile fatty acids produced from colonic fermentation participate in controlling water absorption and secretion balance across the wall of the large intestine. Also, halquinol may “chelate” or in other words “trap” microbial toxins