Each element will specify the knowledge and understanding you must demonstrate alongside competent performance. This is the underpinning knowledge. You are required to demonstrate the underpinning knowledge of your occupational area to show that you understand why certain activities have to be carried out in a particular manner. The underpinning knowledge (shown with each set of standards) states the specific aspects you need to be aware of. This information will be referred to by your assessor as he or she carries out the assessment with you. Frequently, your assessor will ask you questions which relate directly to the Underpinning knowledge.