Who is responsible for GMO policy in each country?
This depends on the country. In the United States, several agencies are involved: The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regulates the field-testing of genetically-engineered plants and certain microorganisms. The Department of Health and Human Service’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) governs the safety and labeling of drugs and the nation’s food and feed supply, excluding meat and poultry. The Department of Health and Human Service’s National Institutes of Health oversees guidelines for the laboratory use of genetically-engineered organisms. The guidelines are generally voluntary, but are mandatory for any research conducted under federal grants. These are widely followed by academic and industrial scientists around the world and are part of this project. A short list of agencies in the countries of some of the potential field sites of this study are: in Mexico, the Offices of the Secretary of Health, in Peru, the Peruvian Institute of Health and in Trinidad,