Who Was “El Pipila” – Famous Mexican Independence Hero?
The territory embracing what is now known as México was once one of the richest and most important colonies of Spain’s Kingdom. Under the name of the “New Spain” it was the main source of gold and silver for the Kingdom during the 400 years of Spaniard domination of this territory, contributing highly to the emergence of Spain as the great power of its time. But things were not going very well for the locals in the colony, many of whom were treated as slaves, mainly the Indian and African population; and many others as “second class” and even “third class” citizens of an empire that at the beginning of the XIX century was a decadent shadow of its past greatness. The new ideas of the French Illustration and the American Revolution had influenced a number of intellectuals and progressive personalities of the colony making them think about gaining independence from Spain and implement a number of reforms that would make the territory a new country under many of the values proclaimed by th