Why did the four European leaders at the Munich Conference adopt a policy of appeasement towards Hitler?
Because they were more concerned with avoiding war then confronting Hitler, so they beleived that by giving in to his demands peace would be achieved, oh how wrong they were. Funny how France failed to live up to its duties yet again. The agreement, signed by Germany, France, Britain, and Italy permitted German annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland. The Sudetenland was of immense strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defenses were situated there. Owing to the fact that the state of Czechoslovakia was not invited to the conference, the Munich Agreement is commonly called the Munich Dictate by Czechs and Slovaks. The phrase Munich betrayal is also frequently used because military alliances between Czechoslovakia and France were not honored. The agreement is regarded by historians as exemplifying appeasement. As Hitler soon violated the terms of the agreement, it has often been cited in support of the principle that totalitarian states should never be appeased