• For students who are culturally and linguistically diverse, misclassification as disabled and/or inappropriate placement in special education programs can have serious consequences. The problem is exacerbated when it results in a child's removal from the general education setting, the core curriculum, or both. • Students faced with such exclusionary practices are more likely to encounter a limited curriculum, lower teacher expectations, and therefore, often experience poor post-school outcomes as evidenced by lack of participation in post-secondary education and limited employment opportunities. • In some districts, the disproportionate representation of ethnic minority students in special education classes also results in significant racial separation. This situation raises concerns that unlawful racial segregation may be occurring, in violation of Title VI.