How Does Macular Degeneration Cause Visual Impairment?
Age-related macular degeneration compromises senior eye health by causing retinal atrophy symptoms . When this occurs, it is known as dry macular degeneration or atrophic macular degeneration. Dry Age-related macular degeneration symptoms include the formation of drusen and atrophy of retinal pigment. In approximately 10% of patients, dry macular degeneration progresses to wet macular degeneration. This is also known as exudative macular degeneration. New blood vessels, called sub-retinal neovascular membranes, abnormally leak blood and protein. causing swelling and destruction of the retina. If the bleeding is located in the center of the retina, this can cause severe and sudden vision loss.