Should oral glucose tolerance test be a routine examination after a myocardial infarction?
Henareh L; Berglund M; Agewall S Department of Cardiology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute, S-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden. BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are important cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of DM and IGT in patients discharged from the CCU without known DM after a myocardial infarction. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients, men and women aged 31-80 years with a myocardial infarction 1-12 months before inclusion were examined with oral glucose tolerance test. Patients with known DM were excluded. A standard oral glucose test (OGTT) with 75 g of glucose was performed. RESULTS: IGT was observed in 29 (26%) patients and DM in 13 (12%) patients in the OGTT. If only fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was used alone five (38.5%) patients with diabetes subjects and three (10.3%) with IGT were identified. Thus, a FPG test alone identified only 19.0% of the patients with pathologic