Which platelet function test is suitable to monitor clopidogrel responsiveness?
GROUND: Multiple platelet function tests claim to be P2Y12-pathway specific and capable of capturing the biological activity of clopidogrel. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine which platelet function test provides the best reflection of the in vivo plasma levels of the active metabolite of clopidogrel (AMC). PATIENTS/METHODS: Clopidogrel-naive patients scheduled for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) received a 600 mg loading dose of clopidogrel and 100 mg of aspirin. For pharmacokinetic analysis, blood was drawn at 0, 20, 40, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240 and 360 min after clopidogrel loading and peak plasma concentrations (C(max)) of the AMC were quantified with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Platelet function testing was performed at baseline and 360 min after the clopidogrel loading. RESULTS: The VASP-assay, the VerifyNow P2Y12-assay and 20 micromol L(-1) adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced light transmittance aggregometry (
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